From Ancient Times to The Present “Evil Eye”
When it comes to mystical events or curse there is perhaps no charm more recognised or renowned than the ‘evil eye’. The “evil eye”-also referred as “nazar”, which we see not only in Istanbul bazaars anymore but all over the world, was very common among the people in ancient times as an amulet that was believed to protect from black magic and evil. What is the history of evil eye? What are its counterparts in different cultures? Let’s find out!
What is the belief behind the evil eye?
The “Evil Eye” appears everywhere, from Egyptian mythology to Greek mythology, from Irish tales to Pagan, Christian and Islamic beliefs. Hence, proof of the origins cannot be obtained and only predictions can be made. The common point in all these beliefs is that gaze can have a negative effect on people.
In ancient Greece, it was believed that the human eye had the power of releasing invisible rays of energy that that were in some cases potent enough to kill people. In Anatolia, it was believed that blue eyes were mostly cursed because blue eyes were not common in that region.
Ancient civilizations that take the effect of a glance on people very seriously found the solution in evil eye. It is believed that good, beautiful and successful people are effected by bad thoughts and jealousy and it is thought that it is necessary to oppose the eye to protect these people from the jealous glances of bad intentions, so these glances are tried to be avoided with the evil eye in the shape of the eye. Evil eye protects its owner by attracting bad glances.
Evil Eye in Different Cultures
Many Eye of Horus or ‘Moon eye’ sculptures were found during excavations in Egypt. Today’s evil eye may be based on these. Eye of Horus is used as an accessory for purification and protective amulet in various situations.
It is believed that it reached the people of Mesopotamia from here and settled down to the pagan belief. The adoption of the blue eye by the pagan peoples is due to the “Tengri” belief. They can see Tengri in blue color, that is, in the sky.
The blue eye is also accepted in the Islamic belief, which has similarities with the pagan belief, and it is believed that this “Nazar” will protect them.
The belief that malevolent glances, which were also common in ancient Greece, could have negative effects, spread from this society to all of Europe and this belief has been adopted in Christian societies today.
Today, in many parts of the world continues this belief such as the evil eye amulet is given to newborn children in Turkey. Apart from this, the evil eye can be found in various accessories in the homes of most Anatolian countries. Nazar amulet has become increasingly popular in Europe and America.
Evil Eye in Daily Life
Evil eye appears in different forms in many places in daily life. It gives a very nice look as an accessory such as a necklace, bracelet, or earring.
It is also widely used in home wall decorations and clocks. An evil eye bead is given as a congratulation to someone who has just bought a house in Anatolia. This will both protect the house from evil and give a beautiful appearance.
Recently, the use of evil eye in shoes and t-shirts has become very fashionable, even though it is not directly blue.
As a result, the use of evil eye is very common in the fashion world and gives a stylish and elegant appearance.